Mahatma Gandhi is perhaps most well-known for his philosophy of non-violent resistance, which he employed during India’s struggle for independence from British rule. However, Gandhi was also an advocate for the use of technology, specifically in the context of rural development and self-sufficiency.
Gandhi believed that technology should be used to improve the lives of people, particularly those living in rural areas. He believed in the idea of “swadeshi,” or self-sufficiency, and that communities should strive to be self-sufficient in as many ways as possible. This included the use of technology to increase agricultural productivity and improve infrastructure in rural areas.
Gandhi also believed that technology should be used in a way that was environmentally sustainable and that did not exploit natural resources. He encouraged the use of simple technologies, such as handlooms and spinning wheels, which were not only more environmentally friendly but also provided a source of employment for many rural women.
In addition to advocating for the use of technology in rural development, Gandhi also believed that education was crucial for the development of a country. He believed that education should be accessible to all, regardless of social or economic status, and that it should be practical and focused on the needs of the community.
Gandhi’s philosophy on the use of technology can be seen in the establishment of the Gandhi Ashram in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, which was a center for the promotion of cottage industries and the use of simple technologies. The ashram also served as a school, where students were taught practical skills such as spinning, weaving, and carpentry.
Gandhi’s philosophy on technology and its role in society continues to be relevant today. In an increasingly globalized and technologically advanced world, it is important to remember the importance of using technology in a way that is sustainable and benefits the community. Gandhi’s ideas on self-sufficiency and the use of simple technologies can serve as a model for how we can use technology to improve the lives of people and promote sustainable development.