Yo, let’s talk about noble gases! These elements are lit 🔥 and have some dope properties that make them stand out from the rest of the periodic table. First off, they’re all gasses at room temp, which is pretty sick 😎. And they’re called “noble” because they don’t like to react with other elements and are hella chill 😌.
There are six noble gases: helium (He), neon (Ne), argon (Ar), krypton (Kr), xenon (Xe), and radon (Rn). Each of these gases has a full outer electron shell, which means they’re stable and don’t need to form bonds with other atoms to feel complete. That’s why they don’t react with other elements, except under extreme conditions.
One of the coolest properties of noble gases is their low reactivity. This makes them super useful in a variety of applications, like lighting 💡 and welding. For example, neon is used to make those sick neon signs you see outside of bars and restaurants 🍻. And argon is used to create an inert atmosphere for welding, which prevents oxidation and ensures a strong bond between the metals being welded.
Another dope property of noble gases is their boiling and melting points. These gases have super low boiling and melting points, which means they can easily transition between solid, liquid, and gas phases. For example, helium has a boiling point of -268.9°C (-452°F) and a melting point of -272.2°C (-458°F)! That’s colder than absolute zero ❄️!
Noble gases also have some interesting uses in the medical field. For example, xenon is used as a general anesthetic because it’s non-toxic and doesn’t have any negative effects on the body. And radon is used in cancer treatment because it can be used to deliver targeted radiation therapy to cancer cells.
Overall, noble gases are some of the most interesting elements on the periodic table. They’re stable, non-reactive, and have some pretty dope properties that make them useful in a variety of applications. So next time you see a neon sign or get anesthesia at the dentist, remember to thank the noble gases for being so chill 😎.