# PROBLEM SOLVING APPROACH IN TEACHING MATHEMATICS

Mathematics is a crucial subject in every student’s academic life. It is a subject that requires a problem-solving approach, which helps students to develop critical thinking skills, logical reasoning, and analytical skills. Problem-solving is a critical aspect of mathematics, and students who can solve mathematical problems efficiently can succeed in the subject. Teaching mathematics with a problem-solving approach is essential to enhance students’ ability to solve mathematical problems effectively. In this article, we will discuss the problem-solving approach in teaching mathematics and its benefits.

Problem-solving approach in teaching mathematics:

The problem-solving approach in mathematics is a teaching method that emphasizes the importance of solving problems as a way to learn mathematics. This approach involves presenting students with challenging problems that require them to apply mathematical concepts and skills to solve them. The process of solving the problem helps students to develop a deeper understanding of the mathematical concepts and principles involved.

The problem-solving approach in teaching mathematics involves the following steps:

Understanding the problem:

The first step in solving a mathematical problem is to understand the problem statement. Students need to read the problem carefully and identify the relevant information given in the problem.

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Identifying the mathematical concepts and principles involved:

After understanding the problem statement, students need to identify the mathematical concepts and principles involved in the problem. This involves analyzing the problem statement and identifying the mathematical operations and formulas required to solve the problem.

Developing a plan to solve the problem:

Once the mathematical concepts and principles involved in the problem are identified, students need to develop a plan to solve the problem. This involves selecting the appropriate mathematical operations and formulas required to solve the problem.

Implementing the plan:

After developing the plan, students need to implement the plan by performing the required mathematical operations and using the appropriate formulas to solve the problem.

Checking the solution:

After solving the problem, students need to check the solution to ensure that it is correct. This involves verifying the solution using different methods and checking for any errors or mistakes.

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Benefits of the problem-solving approach in teaching mathematics:

The problem-solving approach in teaching mathematics has several benefits, including:

Enhances critical thinking skills:

The problem-solving approach in teaching mathematics helps students to develop critical thinking skills. This involves analyzing the problem, identifying the relevant information, and developing a plan to solve the problem. These skills are essential in everyday life and can help students to succeed in their academic and professional careers.

Improves mathematical understanding:

The problem-solving approach in teaching mathematics helps students to develop a deeper understanding of mathematical concepts and principles. This involves applying mathematical concepts and principles to solve problems, which helps students to see the relevance and application of mathematics in everyday life.

Improves problem-solving skills:

The problem-solving approach in teaching mathematics helps students to develop problem-solving skills. These skills are essential in everyday life and can help students to solve complex problems in their academic and professional careers.

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Enhances creativity:

The problem-solving approach in teaching mathematics encourages creativity. This involves finding different ways to solve a problem and developing new approaches to solve mathematical problems. This can help students to think outside the box and develop innovative solutions to problems.

Reduces fear of mathematics:

The problem-solving approach in teaching mathematics can help to reduce the fear of mathematics. This involves presenting mathematics as a subject that is relevant and useful in everyday life, which can help to motivate students to learn and excel in mathematics.

The problem-solving approach in teaching mathematics is a crucial teaching method that helps students to develop critical thinking skills, improve mathematical understanding, enhance problem-solving skills, encourage creativity, and reduce the fear of mathematics. Therefore, teachers should adopt this approach in teaching mathematics to enhance students’ ability to solve mathematical problems effectively.